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Addiction Therapy

 

Drug and alcohol addiction takes many forms and affects individuals and families across Montana. According to the Montana Department of Justice, at least 369 state residents died as a result of prescription drug overdoses from 2011 to 2013, and studies conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2014 found that, from 2006 to 2010, Montana had the third-highest per capita alcohol-attributable death rate. Thankfully, however, there is hope for the drug or alcohol addict. Montana rehab clinics offer courses of drug and alcohol detox, addiction counseling, and aftercare to help patients struggling to break free of the influence of drugs and alcohol.

What is Addiction?

Addiction is caused by the development of a physical or psychological dependence upon drugs or alcohol. When a person uses drugs or alcohol, the consumed substance affects the user’s brain and body in various ways. Some drugs attach to receptors in the brain and spinal cord, changing the regulation of certain important chemicals such as dopamine. Other drugs affect the brain’s neurotransmitters, slowing the speed of their signals. These interactions may cause a feeling of relaxation or intoxication in the user. However, the user has to take successively higher doses of the same drug to achieve the same result because his brain adjusts itself to the presence of the drug. At this point, if the user attempts to quit, he may suffer from severe withdrawal symptoms including nausea, vomiting, insomnia, paranoia, and physical pain. Death may even result in cases of extreme alcohol addiction. Withdrawal makes going “cold turkey” extremely difficult and dangerous, and most alcohol and drug abusers cannot quit without the help of a rehab center.

Inpatient and Outpatient Treatment

Broadly speaking, there are two forms of rehab. Inpatient rehab requires that the patient stay at a rehab clinic, where his progress can be monitored around the clock by staff. Inpatient rehab is a good option for patients who may require quick medical attention in the event of withdrawal.

Outpatient clinics present a cheaper alternative, but they are not suitable for all patients. Outpatient programs require that their clients live at home while attending counseling. This form of treatment is an appropriate option for a patient who does not have to worry about a difficult withdrawal and who has a strong system of support at home.

The Steps of Addiction Treatment

The first stage of treatment is detoxification, during which the patient’s physical dependence upon drugs or alcohol is broken. Inpatient rehab center staff are available to administer anti-withdrawal drugs to control the patient’s symptoms.

After detox is complete, the patient is required to attend sessions of drug or alcohol therapy. These sessions may take the following forms:

Individual therapy

Most rehab clinics provide the patient with one-on-one counseling sessions with addiction experts. Counselors who are trained in addiction therapy often use the cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) method to help the patient identify factors in his life that cause him stress, anger, and grief and that may contribute to his substance abuse problem. By doing so, the patient can learn new ways of coping with stress that do not involve drug or alcohol abuse.

Group therapy

Rehab clinics also commonly organize group therapy sessions involving several patients and an addiction counselor. These meetings give the patient the opportunity to share his story and his experiences with other patients who can relate to his problems and to form important bonds that may help the patient strengthen his resolve to attain sobriety.

Family therapy

Family-based counseling recognizes that addiction often affects the user’s close relatives in profound ways. These counseling sessions involve both the patient and his spouse, children, and other affected relatives. The goal of family-based counseling is to help the family repair the bonds that may have been damaged by months or years of substance abuse and to help individual family members understand the patient’s substance abuse problems in order to create a more supportive environment within the family.

Aftercare

Once rehab is complete, the patient should pursue a course of aftercare that helps him avoid the danger of a relapse into old patterns of drug and alcohol abuse. The patient may be advised to continue attending courses of therapy that can help him recognize the signs of an impending relapse. Membership in a 12-step program such as Alcoholics or Narcotics Anonymous can also help the patient strengthen his long-term resolve to stay sober by placing him in contact with other recovering drug and alcohol users.

An alternative form of therapy such as music therapy or restorative yoga can also act as a highly effective relapse prevention tool. These programs are designed to introduce the patient to new interests and new aspects of life that can help him avoid a relapse by giving him the opportunity to use his creative powers or to channel his energy in a constructive direction.

Find Help at a Rehab Program Today

If you or a loved one are suffering from an addiction to drugs or alcohol, contact a Montana substance abuse treatment center as soon as possible to learn more about available treatment options.